Many novice photographers are interested in how to choose the perfect camera. To begin with, no matter how expensive the equipment you use, the final quality of the image depends on the user’s skill. It is important to be able to work with lighting, to see the shadows, to correctly use the advantages of the device used. There is a strong belief that some models, costing from 5 thousand dollars, are equipped with advanced technologies with which you can take perfect photos. It’s a delusion! Professional photographers take unique pictures, not because they have a cool focus, but because they have experience.
We will try to deal with the main characteristics of this type of technology so that you do not overpay for unnecessary options. As you already understood, this guide is designed for novice users! Additionally, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with our rating of cameras, but first, we will consider the main characteristics of gadgets.
Tips on how to choose the perfect camera:
How to choose the perfect camera’s type?
Currently, there are two types of cameras: mirror and digital. Consider the pros and cons of different models:
- Reflex camera– the light passes through the lens system, is reflected by a translucent mirror and enters the screen through the pentaprism To focus on the desired object to help focus sensors. The principle of operation: when we press the button, the mirror rises and the light hits the matrix. That is, this very click that can be heard when the button is pressed is the movement of the mirror. If you plan to choose an SLR camera, please note that such models are significantly more expensive. At the same time to use the full potential of such devices, you need to have certain knowledge and experience. Otherwise, we can restrict ourselves to a mirrorless analog.
- Digital camera– the light immediately passes through a system of lenses and hits the matrix. Accordingly, there are no mirror, pentaprism, phase focus sensors. For obvious reasons, such products break less often, because there are no moving parts. In addition, they are noiseless and cost less.
Which camera to choose: SLR or digital?
Much has been said and written about their advantages and disadvantages. Of course, the first option provides more opportunities for creating a high-quality image, but this requires experience. The main advantage is that the user can independently adjust the sharpness of the image, without relying on the data of the LCD display.
As for the choice of the camera by novice photographers, we will not give recommendations here. You must decide on your own, based on your interests and the following facts:
- in almost all mirror models, the focusing speed is higher with the exception of a few Sony mirrorless cameras;
- SLR cameras have a viewfinder that allows you to see the image without delay;
- digital counterparts have a more compact size.
Detail description of how to choose the perfect camera
Camera Matrix Selection
As for the objective assessment, the quality of the images depends not only on the type of camera but on the ability to use it and the matrix. This is the most important part of any camera, which gets the light and after processing by the processor is recorded on the memory card as a photo.
Characterized by a matrix of megapixels and size. In the past, when cameras worked on the film, a standard frame of 35 millimeters was popular. When switching to the matrix, at first, the developers tried to comply with the indicated characteristic and produced a full-frame-matrix.
However, due to the likelihood of marriage, the production of such products did not pay off. Therefore, many began to make cropped analogs, so-called crop matrices. The value of the crop factor indicates how much the frame is cropped relative to the full frame.
When choosing a digital camera or a mirror-like analog, it is important to consider that the larger the matrix size, the larger 1 pixel can catch the rays of light. Accordingly, the smaller the pixel size, the more it will be dark and the photo will be even worse if there is artificial lighting.
Number of Camera Megapixels
As for the quantity, the optimum choice of camera is 16-18 megapixels so that you can cut off the excess, although 9 megapixels are enough. Unfortunately, this is why the newcomers most often estimate the quality of the camera.
Let’s try to figure out how many megapixels you need for the camera in practice. Currently, the most common monitor format is Full HD – 1920 (in width) at 1080 (height) pixels. Multiplying these numbers, we get a little more than 2 Mp.
If we are talking about the “format of the future” 4K, then it needs 8,000,000 pixels, that is 8 megapixels. For printing on A4 paper, the recommended density is 300 dpi, which is 300 pixels per inch. Considering that the height of such a sheet is 11.75 inches, and the width is 8.75 inches, it turns out that 9 Mp is enough for us. For social networks, due to the very strong compression of the photo, 1 Mp is generally sufficient.
How to Choose the Perfect Camera lens?
One of the main parameters is focal length. If you do not know how to choose a lens for a camera, you need to take into account that this part is a lens system. The light passing through them is refracted and reduced in one place. The gap from the lens to the focus point is called the focal length. In practice, the larger it is, the more approximate the object seems.
The smaller, the more viewing angle and more space is placed in the frame. For obvious reasons, small lenses with a small focal length are used to photograph architecture, diverse landscapes, and crowds of people. Long-focus cameras are relevant for creating photographs from a long distance, for example, on birds or wild animals. When choosing a camera novice users need to consider that there are two types of lenses:
- With a fixed focal length– the best option for novice users, because such models are easier to operate;
- With variable focal length– for more advanced users.
As a rule, in most cases, 3-5 focal lengths are enough for shooting different objects or a single lens with a large range, which costs much more.
Aperture and Aperture
The second characteristic in terms of importance in choosing a camera lens is a diaphragm. This is a mechanism that can be compared with a person’s pupil. When we are in a dark room, the pupil is open, and when we look at the sun, it narrows to let fewer rays through.
So with the help of the aperture, you can control the illumination of the photograph. This characteristic is indicated by the Latin letter f. Shows the ratio of the focal length to the opening diameter. The minimum value that can be set is called aperture.
Accordingly, models with f.2 are worse than f.14. It is worth adding that this parameter is responsible for adjusting the sharpness. For example, if we open the diaphragm to the maximum, we will get a beautiful background.
How to Choose the Perfect Camera ISO Sensitivity
Choosing a quality camera should pay attention to the sensitivity of the camera to light. This parameter is referred to as ISO. The sensitivity of the matrix – artificial signal amplification, measured in units of ISO. Modern cameras can be equipped with a noise cancellation function, which is why sales assistants urge not to worry about too large an indicator of this characteristic. But, in practice, high ISO scores are hard to put down.
However, you should not chase at too low values. In most cases, this suggests a manufacturer’s marketing ploy. As already mentioned, modern models have normal exposure and sensitivity. The main thing is to use the device correctly and select a frame.
How to Choose the Perfect Camera Optimum Shutter Speed
This parameter is also responsible for the illumination of the scene. You should not chase the maximum values since even in modern budget models there will be enough indicators. More important to determine the tasks. Exposure – time during which the light exposes the photosensitive portion of the matrix. Each camera has a shutter when pressed, the shutter opens for a split second and the light penetrates inside.
The shorter the shutter closing time, the clearer the photo will be. Long exposures blur objects, brighter photos are obtained. If you want to choose the right camera, you need to decide for what purposes you will use it. Shooting sports, photographers use very short exposure. Such models provide the effect of stopping time. Long exposure is used to take landscapes.
With their help, you can shoot waterfalls, clouds. When operating such models, it is important to create conditions for the immobility of the camera. Therefore, professionals often use a tripod.
How to Choose the Perfect Camera for beginners
What else do you need to pay attention to when choosing a camera for a beginner? First, do not bother with the parameters of the bracketing, the type of metering exposure, panoramas, GPS. According to experts, any camera from $ 400 has the necessary set of functions for obtaining good photos. It is better to pay attention to the following options:
- Stabilizer is a useful feature that allows novice photographers to take more sharp pictures when you hold the device in trembling hands. The part can be installed in a camera or lens. Accommodation is not a priority;
- the viewfinder is a huge plus for the camera, both for beginners and professional photographers. This is an additional point of support that arises when the gadget bows to the face. Therefore, you will not be afraid of the sun’s rays, because of which the scene is not visible on the screen.
- swivel screen– adds convenience to the operation of the camera. For example, if you want to photograph an object located low, and you do not want to go to the ground.
How to Choose the Perfect Camera’s Useful Features?
As for the functionality, when choosing a good camera, you may find it useful:
- Touchscreen – especially convenient when shooting video. Allows you to smoothly set parameters, not shaky device without unnecessary sounds of clicks;
- Wi-FI – currently used in more expensive SLR cameras. With it, you can take yourself, transfer photos or upload to the cloud storage.
Thus, it is important to focus on large matrices with a number of 9 Mn. Interchangeable lens is better. Its most important parameters are luminosity and aperture. The type of photo does not depend on the type of camera. It all depends on your skills. Good luck.