Nowadays, when constant access to the world wide web is a constant component of our daily life, and computers and smartphones store most of our personal information, the issue of data security becomes more urgent than ever. The main question about windows is, how to protect windows 10?
If you neglect the protection of your device and data, the risk of being attacked by malicious programs that aim to steal personal information and damage the normal operation of the computer, instantly increases.
Although there are different types of malware, one thing is for sure – they have no place on your devices. The benefit of various tools to combat these threats exists in abundance. And many security tools are already built into the Windows 10 operating system by default.
But the fact of their presence is not enough – protection against malware must be approached thoroughly, installing one antivirus alone will not get off here. The best results can be achieved by combining the right software and the knowledge of how to avoid potential threats. In this guide, we will look at 8 simple tips how to protect windows 10?
Here are 8 tips how to protect windows 10?
1. Regularly update the OS and programs
Keeping the system and installed programs up-to-date is perhaps the most important step to take to ensure the security of your device and the data stored on it.
Many software developers often release updates for their products without introducing various innovations into them, but only by eliminating known vulnerabilities that could be exploited by attackers. And Microsoft is no exception: Windows 10 regularly receives updates in which these very “holes” close.
In addition, it is important to check for updates for custom applications and install them. If these programs were purchased through the Windows store, then all you need to do is go to the Microsoft Store and upgrade from there.
However, most applications are downloaded and installed from the Internet. Although many of these programs will have the function of checking updates, there will be those who do not have this opportunity. To update such programs will have to monitor and download new versions manually.
2. Be Careful with Downloads
If you are used to downloading applications from third-party sources or the programs you need are not distributed through the app store, you need to be as careful as possible when choosing these same sources. Preference is better to give official sites and use licensed software or free counterparts. Various “cracks” often act as so-called. Trojan in which viruses, cryptographers, adware or spyware software and so on are stitched.
Also, do not hurry when installing the program, without looking by pressing the “Next” button. Nobody forces to read the license agreement (this is a personal matter of everyone), but to be attentive, noting checkboxes is still worth it. Inadvertently, you can still agree to the installation of the Amigo browser completely unnecessary software. At best, it will be some kind of innocuous program that will not be difficult to remove, at worst – a spyware program that will send logs about your actions to your server and dispose of them at its discretion.
3. Use Windows Defender
Various antiviruses often greatly inhibit the operation of a computer, loading its resources with unnecessary processes. At the same time, many users are even afraid to turn on a PC without antivirus software. In this case, there is a good compromise – Windows Defender.
Windows Defender is a free antivirus that comes with the operating system and is part of it. He is able to track suspicious changes in the system in real time, notifying the user about the danger, while not spending much of his resources. It may be useful when downloading applications and files from questionable sources.
Additionally, you do not need to activate and configure Windows Defender – everything works right out of the box. You can view the current status of the Defender by calling the utility from the tray or from the security settings in the Windows control panel.
4. Check Application Permissions
The Windows operating system relatively recently learned how to manage the permissions of each installed application. Now the user can find out which programs can access peripherals (camera, microphone) or some information (clipboard, notifications, contacts), as well as revoke these permissions.
You can check these settings in the “Privacy” settings section, where both general permissions and specific for each individual program are displayed.
5. Check Installed Browser Extensions
The browser is almost the main application on the computer, because it provides access to the Internet. Developers are constantly working to eliminate various vulnerabilities in their products so that surfing the net remains safe. However, the likelihood that attackers will be able to access personal information via a browser remains – this may help the installed extensions.
Even if you do not use them at the moment, extensions still have access to the information entered, and also know which sites you visit. For example, they can find out your passwords, read the correspondence and even change the site address to phishing.
To eliminate possible risks, you should regularly check the installed extensions, disabling or removing unnecessary and, especially, those that you did not install. You can open the list of extensions in Google Chrome through the “Additional Tools” menu item, where you can select “Extensions”.
In Firefox and Microsoft Edge, you can do this directly in the main settings menu. In other browsers, these actions are performed in a similar way.
6. Use Firewall
Another effective way how to protect windows 10 is firewall .A firewall or firewall is a software or hardware-software complex that controls network packets or installed applications. It can be used to block hacker attacks or various virus programs that are trying to gain access to a computer from a global or local network for subsequent theft of information.
There are many third-party firewalls on the market, but in Windows 10, a sufficiently functional firewall is already pre-installed and activated by default, and you will not have to install anything else. You may need to make sure that it is working properly.
To do this, open Windows Defender, find the Firewall and Network Security section and make sure that “Firewall Enabled” status is displayed next to each type of connection. Otherwise, it must be activated globally or select the current connection and switch the switch to the active position.
7. Set up an Account
Many users do not set the password on their account completely in vain. Blocking your account is definitely. It is possible that someone will try to access the computer without your knowledge. This is especially true if you work in an office or use a laptop in another public place.
In this case, any unauthorized person can spy or even download your personal files or infect a PC with a virus. To avoid this, you need to set an entry password and configure automatic locking when the system is idle.
If you do not want to set a weak password and are not sure that you remember a more complicated one, you can always unlock your computer using the fingerprint scanner on your Android smartphone. Also, do not disable the built-in Windows User Account Control (UAC).
It notifies the user when programs are started or other actions that require administrative rights (usually means that this action will modify the system settings or files). This is intended to protect the system from potentially dangerous software that could harm the computer.
After all, it is easier once again to click the mouse, pressing the button, than to bite your elbows after your PC has been locked by the encryption key.
8. Make Backups Regularly
How to protect windows 10 to make backups regularly? For the most important files, it is better to create at least two backups: save one to your local storage (for example, an external hard drive) and copy the other to the cloud.
When it comes to protecting data from the same encryption, too many copies do not happen. If you have the ability to save your backups in multiple cloud storages or offline devices, then it is better to do so.
Unfortunately, this will save you from leaking your personal data, but in the event of something you don’t have to pay a “ransom” for decrypting files.
How much do not protect your computer with various antivirus software, firewalls, etc., the user still remains the best antivirus, because you need to be careful about installing and running untested programs, downloading files from unknown sources, and also keeping copies of important files on external media or the cloud, if the virus still managed to penetrate your device. And what other ways to protect Windows, you know? Write about them in the comments.